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Karya Ilmiah

cara menulis karya ilmiah sangatlah muda bagi orang yang tau tapi buat orang yang masi awam seperti aq ini ya sulit tapi jangan kuatir aku punya tips untuk menulis karya ilmiah.ingin tau tapi disini saya kasi bahasa enggris ya kamu bisa tau kan :

1. Scientific paper

A scientific paper (scientific paper) is written and published reports
that the results of research or have been conducted by
someone or a team to meet with the rules and ethics of scholarly
and be met by the scholarly community. There are various types of
monograph, among other research reports, papers, seminars or symposiums,
journal articles, which are basically all that is a product of
the scientists. Data, resume, and other information contained in the
the scientific paper as a reference (reference) for scientists in other
conduct of research or more.
In universities, especially S1 levels, students are trained to
produce scientific works, such as papers, lab reports, and skrispsi
(end of the task). The general is a research report
small scale but made enough depth. Meanwhile papers
assigned to the students more of a knot and scientific thought
students based on the study of the scientific papers written
experts in the field of reinforcing the problem. Report
lab assigned to students as a vehicle to develop
ability to prepare research reports. In some cases when students
do lab work, it actually is to "verification" of the
process research scientist who has done previously. Activities lab
also designed to train basic skills to conduct research.

2. Scientific paper Sitematika

Sistematika a scientific paper is need to be adjusted with sistematika
requested by the media publications (scientific journals or magazines), if not
will be difficult according to load. Meanwhile, a scientific paper no means
published before. Although there is diversity of demand publishers
sistematika scientific paper to be published, but generally asks
author to answer four questions: (1) What are the
problem?; (2) Framework reference teoretik what used to solve
problem?; (3) How has been done to solve the problem
it?; (4) What was found?; and (5) The meaning of what can be taken from
the findings?
Expose on what the problem is usually with background
packed in the Introduction. Expose on the terms of reference teoretik
used in solving the problem rarely raised in the
with the title theoretical framework or theory or theories Platform, or is that
Literature, labels or other ways. Expose on what
done in the part that is often given titles or method Methodology or procedure or the materials and methods. Answers to questions
what is found generally raised in the findings or results
Research. Meanwhile, the display on the meaning of research findings
generally raised in the discussion or the discussion.
Of course sistematika scientific paper this is not raw materials, or fixed price.
Sistematika scientific paper depends on the scholarly tradition days
in a related field, the type of scientific paper (papers, research reports, essay).
In a scientific paper that has a high level of formality,
such as the essay, sistematika writing more raw, and some display
Other frequently asked of the students, and as such Conclusion
Recommendations (Suggestions) at the end, or Introduction to the
Many journals and magazines ask the abstract, namely, the summary of the information
in the report documents, papers, or essay, detail. The abstract
written in both allows readers to recognize the full contents of the document
in quickly and accurately, to determine whether the contents of the document in accordance
with a field of interest, so that these documents need to read more.
Abstract should be not more than 250 words (in one or two paragraphs),
briefly stated goals and scope of the research / carrying, the method
used, the summary of the results, and conclusions drawn.

3. Lab report

In the tradition of higher education in science, lab activities
become an important part of education programs. This is caused by
the importance of the role of lab activities in developing competency experts
science. Become a vehicle for the lab: (1) Consolidation theoretical knowledge
that have been learned; (2) Development of skills to use peralatanperalatan
standard laboratory science, (3) Development of scientific attitude in the work
in laboratory science, and (4) The ability to write reports
laboratory activities. The combination of a strong understanding of the aspects
theoretical, the ability to design experiments / research to solve
problems with applying the knowledge teoretik was working skills
in the laboratory, and the ability to write reports published so feasible,
are important elements of the competence of a scientist.
Like other scientific paper, lab reports must meet
criteria: (1) logics (Logic), (2) Clarity (clarity), and (3) precision (Precision).
In this regard, the accuracy of the report in writing is very important
role, because these factors can make a report to meet three criteria
was. Please note that a lab report is the delivery vehicle
message from the students as komunikator readers to the report (lecturers
and the other students) about: (1) The problem is that investigation; (2) Knowledge
What made the theoretical basis for the determination of the procedures / methods
investigation: (3) What is being done for the collection of data and information; (4)
What data is collected and the findings that resulted from the analysis of data; (5)
Discussion (diksusi) on the results obtained, especially on
the implications of the findings; (6) Conclusion what can be drawn.In accordance with the lab report presented above, report
practicum generally consist of components: (1) objective, which
explain the problems that will be, (2) Theory, which explained
concepts and principles underlying the research is done, (3) Equipment and
material, which is a display about the type of equipment and materials used, the better
the name and size. When certain electronic measuring equipment used,
should be included brand and serial number. Chemicals should be reported
with konsentrasinya (when the solvent) and kemurniannya (when pure oxygen), (3)
Trial procedures, which explained that the stage-by-stage, which made; (4)
Experiment results, which revealed that the data has been ditabulasi, the analysis
data, both statistically and, as well as important findings experiment
as a result of the analysis of data; (5) The discussion, which revealed rationalization
(explanation that makes sense) on various interesting findings that, for example,
the difference between the theoretical predictions with observed reality; (6) Conclusion,
as a short statement disclosing the results of the investigation

4. Writing Reader List

Scientific paper should be equipped with a list of libraries, the paper explained
Other scientific used as a reference. So that other people can be
writing scientific works of reference the need to load the author's name, title,
scientific paper, publishing year, and the issuer. Ways of writing the list
libraries should also provide signal whether a scientific paper that referred to the
the form of books, journals, papers, seminars, research reports are not published,
Web documents, etc.. Therefore there are ways to set
write a list of libraries. However, there are many ways version
writing a list of libraries, depending on the traditions that are held by the community
scholarly in their respective fields. Ways of writing a list of libraries
Lam suggested, and "Guidelines for Writing Scientific Work" was adopted in part UPI
most of the ways that defined "the American Psychological Association
(APA). " The procedure is different from that set by the American Chemical
Sosiety, who both also different from the manner defined by the Chemical
Society of Japan (CJS). However, writing for the paper in a scientific context
UPI in education, students are required to follow the guidelines set
Any procedure can only be provided consistent fields. However,
Therefore, if we want a scientific paper published in the journal particular, we
must adapt to the ways of writing a list of libraries set
by the editor of the journal.


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